Article Correctness Is Author's Responsibility: Social anxiety among transgender and gender nonconforming individuals: The role of gender-affirming medical interventions.

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Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals are at heightened risk for psychological distress, including social anxiety (SA). The current study aimed to examine whether gender-affirming medical interventions (GAMIs) are associated with lower SA among TGNC individuals. Two hundred ninety-one transfeminine and 424 transmasculine participants completed the Trans Health Survey, which assessed SA and interest in or utilization of GAMIs (genital surgery, chest surgery, hormone use, speech therapy, tracheal shave or Adam's apple removal, hair removal). Transfeminine individuals who had completed genital surgery, chest surgery, tracheal shave or Adam's apple removal, hair removal, hormone treatment, or speech therapy reported lower SA than those planning to undergo the intervention, and those who had completed genital or chest surgery reported lower SA than those considering it. Transmasculine individuals who had completed chest surgery, a hysterectomy, or used hormones reported lower SA than those who were planning to do so, and those who had completed genital surgery had lower SA than those considering it. Among those expressing interest, utilization of GAMIs is associated with less SA. GAMIs may result in greater conformity to societal expectations regarding binary gender norms, thus decreasing discrimination, rejection, victimization, and nonaffirmation. Increased alignment of physical characteristics and gender identity may increase self-esteem. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)