A systematic review of community-based research interventions for domestic violence survivors.

Objectives: Community-based research is a broad approach in which researchers work closely with practitioners and community members to enhance the understanding of a given phenomenon and promote positive outcomes. In the domestic violence (DV) field, community-based research is a particularly useful strategy to develop and evaluate interventions that address unique community needs. Despite the potential benefits of this approach, to our knowledge, no systematic review has synthesized DV-focused interventions and evaluations designed using a community-based research approach. This study aimed to fill that gap. Method: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of the literature, retrieving articles that described the collaborative development and evaluation of interventions for DV survivors residing in the United States. Articles were identified from peer-reviewed databases, bibliographies, and experts. Twenty of the 199 articles assessed for eligibility were included. Results: Interventions primarily consisted of small-group sessions focusing on survivors’ mental health and safety needs. Evaluations focused on process metrics, although approximately half reported changes in survivors’ outcomes. Collaboration generally occurred between DV advocates and applied health care academic teams. Authors described the promotion of collaboration in multiple ways and to varying degrees. Common examples included shared decision-making, recognizing and addressing potential power imbalances, longitudinal relationship building, changing programs based on stakeholder feedback, and co-owned project outputs including coauthorship of manuscripts. Conclusions: This is the first systematic review of interventions to support DV survivors, developed using a community-based research approach. Implications include promoting community-based outcome evaluations and developing guidelines for teams publishing community-based research in the peer-reviewed literature. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)