Assessing and investigating clinicians’ research interests: Lessons on expanding practices and data collection in a large practice research network.

Conducted in naturalistic settings, practice-oriented research (POR) is aimed at building stronger connections between the science and practice of psychotherapy. Promoting the principles of POR, this article has 2 aims: (a) presenting the results of a survey assessing the interests of members of a large practice research network in topics that could guide future research conducted as part of clinical routine, and (b) describing difficulties in implementing a study in line with such interests. Despite the significant interest in and perceived clinical significance of two relationship constructs (alliance and countertransference), there were unique obstacles faced in their empirical investigation within an already operationally functional practice research network. Challenges in this process included resource-related difficulties (such as changes in staff and the time required to set up the study and administer the measures), logistics-related issues, and effectively incorporating the assessment procedure into an existing clinical system. The article also describes strategies to address these obstacles, with differing degrees of success, including the role of a “local champion” at each site, the importance of a personal/professional relationship between the researcher and participating centers, as well as the pragmatic assistance to sites during the preparation, coordination, and implementation process (e.g., providing templates and feedback on institutional review board applications, and technological assistance on how to incorporate the measures into existing center software). The article concludes with general recommendations and future directions for POR. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)