Cultural adaptations of psychotherapy: Therapists’ applications of conceptual models with Asians and Asian Americans.

Although conceptual models of cultural adaptations of psychotherapy have been developed, little is known about how therapists apply these models in clinical practice. The purpose of the current study was to examine, using a directed content analysis, how therapists culturally adapt cognitive—behavioral therapy, one of the most widely used evidence-based approaches, for application with clients of Asian ancestry. The study also examined if there were major differences in adaptation strategies between therapists who practice in the United States (N = 9), a predominantly individualistic society, as opposed to those who practice in Japan (N = 6), a predominantly collectivistic society. Semistructured, open-ended interviews revealed that interdependent conceptualizations of the self and indirect communication were addressed by therapists in both countries, and therapist credibility issues were addressed only by therapists in the United States. These results imply that when culturally adapting psychotherapy, therapists incorporate elements of conceptual models that are relevant to their clients’ cultures. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)