Test-retest reliability and practice effects of a computerized neuropsychological battery: A solution-oriented approach.

This study examined test-retest reliabilities and (predictors of) practice effects of the widely used computerized neuropsychological battery CNS Vital Signs. The sample consisted of 158 Dutch healthy adults. At 3 and 12 months follow-up, 131 and 77 participants were retested. Results revealed low to high test–retest reliability coefficients for CNS VS’ test and domain scores. Participants scored significantly higher on the domains of Cognitive Flexibility, Processing Speed, and Reaction Time at the 3-month retest. No significant differences in performance were found over the second interval. Age, education, and retest-interval were not significantly associated with practice effects. These results highlight the need for methods that evaluate performance over time while accounting for imperfect test-retest reliabilities and practice effects. We provided RCI-formulae for determining reliable change, which may be possible solution for future work facing the methodological issues of retesting. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)