Trauma-informed care in a patient-centered medical home for adolescent mothers and their children.

Adolescent mothers experience higher rates of trauma and abuse, as well as increased risks for mental health disorders, compared to adolescent girls who are not mothers, making them a particularly vulnerable population and contributing to them feeling less supported by or allied with their medical provider. Women with a history of childhood abuse face increased rates of obstetric complications; their infants are at increased risk for low birthweight, developmental and intellectual delays, and behavioral problems. Trauma-informed care has become widespread in mental health settings; however, this model has not been as commonly applied to other settings, such as patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs). The Colorado Adolescent Maternity Program (CAMP) is an obstetric and pediatric medical home for pregnant and parenting adolescent girls through age 22 and their children located within Children’s Hospital Colorado. With the integration of behavioral health into CAMP, and given the prevalence of trauma histories among adolescent mothers reported in the literature, programmatic and operational changes to clinical care were made using the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s six key principles of a trauma-informed approach. Data showed that nearly 30% of participants reported a history of trauma. Following the inclusion of trauma-informed principles, patients had significantly higher rates of attendance at prenatal appointments (p < .001) and significantly lower rates of low birthweight babies (p = .02). Future programmatic changes and long-term assessment outcomes of this trauma-informed approach in a PCMH are also discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)